life-size marble statues were popular on Athenian cemeteries from the fifth to late fourth century BC. This old man is most likely not the person who was buried at the grave site, the old man is looking down at him (or her). The realistic style in which the made was done is typical for the fourth century BC.
This statue is originally from cyprus, the mixture of different styles is evidence of cyprus’ difficult political history in the first millenium BC. In this head alone there are strong Greek influences (almond eyes, mouth and high cheekbones) but also Egyptian (the crown is like Hathoric crowns) and Assyrian (the curls in her hair).
Greek, Cyprus (archaic Period), early 5th century BC
Hetepheres was the mother of one of the pharaoh’s favourite servents who was honored with a stone tomb at Gizeh. This statue is made for her ka, better known as the soul. Egyptians believed that after death, the soul could travel around the world and afterlife. They needed places to stay in, ka-statues were these places.
The figure of this woman in typical of the Old Kingdom, she is very slim with long slender limbs and a rigid pose. Her dress is pulled tightly around her showing all her features.
The goddess Sekhmet was the goddess of health and protection. She was the one who controlled demons who could spread diseases and therefore the one to call upon to keep from getting sick of to get better.
Egyptian, Late Period, Dynasty 26 – 30, between 664 – 332 BC.
Found in Naukratis (a Greek city in the Delta of Egypt) by WMF Petrie in 1885
This head is of Homer, the writer of the famous Greek epic poems Iliad and Odyssey. These poems are thought to be the oldest pieces of western literature. The statue is made from marble from mount Pentekilon near Athens.