c. 325-300 BC Found on Mílos, Southern Aegean, Greece
The healing god
This head comes from a colossal statue of the god Asklepios, a god of medicine and healing. It was constructed from three separately worked pieces, of which two survive. The calm expression of the face is set off by a full beard and crown of hair. The lead pegs that would have held a gold wreath are still in place, but the wreath is now lost.
The cult of Asklepios was popular throughout Greece and Asia Minor during the Classical period (480-300 BC) and the Hellenistic period (323-30 BC). Important centres were set up in Athens and at Epidaurus in the Peloponnese. Hippocrates was the founding father of modern scientific medicine and, following his death in 357 BC, a healing sanctuary was established on his native island of Cos. There, Asklepios was represented in what became the canonical manner of the later Hellenistic and Roman periods: bearded, semi-nude and supported on one side by a staff around which a serpent is coiled. This head probably comes from such a statue.
The kushite people were from nubia and ruled Egypt in the Third Intermediate period. They adopted many Egyptian traditions, that is why this statue looks Egyptian but the face of the statue is kushite tradition.
Egyptian, Third Intermediate Period, 25th dynasty, 714 - 664 BC.
Imhotep was the architect who constructed the first true Egyptian pyramid. This was so important that the Egyptian later deified him as a patron of wisdom. It is 14cm high, 4.8cm wide and 9.8cm in diameter ( 5 1/2 x 1 7/8 x 3 7/8 inch.)
This pair is made for the burial chamber and is meant as a house in which the deceased’s soul could inhabit if it wanted. The owners are shown in their best outfit and wigs. This style is typical of the 18th dynasty; the young faces, the dubble wigs and the style of the dresses.
Egyptian, New Kingdom, 18th dynasty, after 1450 BC.