Marble statue from the East pediment of the Parthenon. The East pediment showed the miraculous birth of the goddess Athena from the head of her father Zeus. Many of the figures from the central scene are now fragmentary or entirely lost. A figure of a naked man reclines on a rock, leaning on his left arm in a relaxed attitude, facing towards the chariot of Helios in the left corner of the pediment. This statue is the only one to survive with the head intact, though the hands and feet are now lost.
Earthenware oil lamp depicting Europa seated on a bull. The lamp has an anchor-shaped nozzle and a concave disk. The depiction is likely a reference to the Greek myth of Zeus abducting Europa while in the shape of a white bull, making her the first Queen of Crete.
Roman, Early Imperial Period, ca. first century AD.
This statuette is remarkable for its synthesis of Hellenistic immediacy and Classical composure. The figure can be identified as an artisan by his dress and muscular build. Particularly telling is the pair of wax tablets tucked in his belt—the equivalent of a note pad—on which he would have written or drawn with a pointed stylus. The portrait is imbued with great psychological power and may represent a famous, even mythological, figure. For example, he may portray the Homeric hero Epeios, who with Athena’s help carved the Trojan horse. It has also been proposed that he is the legendary master craftsman Daidalos, who built the labyrinth at Knossos, or even the famous fifth century B.C. Athenian sculptor Phidias, creator of the chryselephantine cult statue of Zeus at Olympia and master craftsman of the sculptures of the Parthenon on the Athenian Akropolis.