By the first century B.C., Rome had come to dominate the Mediterranean world. The influence of Roman funerary art and practices is very much apparent in this Egyptian mask. Its facial proportions and modeling derive from the Roman tradition of realistic portraiture, rather than from Egyptian prototypes. Made to cover the head of a mummy, the mask is hollow inside. The face was pressed from a mold, while the curling hair, ears, and beard were added to increase its portrait-like quality. The inset eyes, once-painted flesh, and gilded hair further embellished its striking visage.